Can You See the Great Wall of China From Space?

People claimed it could be seen from the Moon before space travel even existed.

Science & Technology
2 min
Colton Kruse
Colton Kruse
Can You See the Great Wall of China From Space?
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Science & Technology

Space Myth

Since 1904, people have been claiming that the Great Wall of China is so big and so prominent, that it can be seen from the surface of the moon. After years of waiting, Apollo astronauts were able to confirm the authenticity of this claim. Their answer: no.

Alan Bean, of the Apollo 12 mission, recounts that all you can really make out on the Earth are lots of white clouds and snow, some blue patches, a little bit of yellow, and, every once in a while, a patch of green.

“No man-made object is visible at this scale.” — Alan Bean, Apollo 12 astronaut.

A Closer Look

The Chinese space program shook upon learning that their astronaut, Yang Liwei, couldn’t see the wall from space. This at least confirmed the invisibility wasn’t a political conspiracy.

After numerous missions to space, by astronauts from countries all over the world, nobody could see the wall. The International Space Station, which is 238,601 miles closer to the Earth than the Moon, or only 0.1% as far away, still offers no view of the Wall with the naked eye.

Finally Photographed

It was Chinese-American astronaut Leroy Chiao who would eventually spot the wall using a camera and 180mm lens. Even then, he could only identify a small portion of it. For refference, the human eye can see about 50mm.

Chiao took another photograph using a 400mm lens, and experts were even less sure that he had taken a photo of the actual wall. Favorable snowfall and sunlight had seemed to be largely responsible for photographing the wall the first time.

NASA says the Great Wall is hard to photograph, but low-orbit satellites can use radar to capture it.

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